While there are various methods of dangerous cyber-attacks, here are most common hacking examples you may have heard about or had the misfortune of being affected by.
Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts files on a device=, making them unusable for the files and the systems that rely on them. Then, in exchange for decryption, malicious hackers propose a ransom to be paid off.
Malware is a software that can be used to carry out a range of destructive functions. Some malware strains are aimed to gain persistent network access, while others are designed to spy on the user, in order to obtain credentials or other useful information.
A phishing attack occurs when an attacker attempts to deceive an unsuspecting target into divulging sensitive information, such as passwords, credit card information, intellectual property, and so on. CERT NZ’s Quarter One (Q1)in 2021 reported phishing as the most common cyberattack in New Zealand.
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attack
A DDoS assault occurs when an attacker floods a target server with traffic in the hopes of disrupting, if not completely shutting down the target. Unlike classic denial-of-service assaults, which are detectable by most modern firewalls, a DDoS attack can use numerous compromised devices to flood the target with unwanted traffic.